Metadata within the NBN
This information describes how the NBN metadata standard is compatible with other key national and international standards. The table in Annex one maps the GEMINI standard to NBN, GIgateway, ISO and E-GMS.
The NBN Standard
The NBN metadata standard was first drafted in August 2002. It provided editorial guidance specifically tailored to define the level of contextual information to describe a wildlife data resource. The NBN standard adopted the metadata model of the GIgateway standard (previously referred to as the National Geospatial Data Framework [NGDF]). The GIgateway Standard was selected for two main reasons:
GIgateway metadata had been developed specifically to document geo-spatially referenced datasets for use within Geographic Information Systems (GIS). In doing so the standard covered information important to most biological datasets, and was aligned with international GIS standards.
The Association for Geographic Information (AGI) responsible for developing the GIgateway standard were working closely with the developing national and international standards. This provided a level of assurance that the standard would remain compatible or be easily mapped to the main national and international standards.
The GIgateway metadata standard was developed by AGI. The standard was produced in response to concerns over the amount of money being invested in the collection and assembly of geo-spatial data by public and private organisations to meet internal needs but not advertised widely to others for reuse. The GIgateway is intended to help these organisations document their geo-spatial datasets effectively and share these details though an open access Internet metadata catalogue.
The GIgateway provides a discovery level metadata standard. Discovery level metadata refers to the minimum amount of contextual information required to enable a user locate, learn about and assess the suitability of a resource for use. This information is effectively a summary of what the dataset refers to, a description of how it was created and information to help people access and use it.
The metadata elements for GIgateway were drawn from the (draft) ISO standard wherever possible and, in general, they have undergone the minimum amount of modification to suit the needs of the GIgateway Guidelines.
Ongoing collaboration between standards
The Geo-spatial Metadata Interoperability Initiative (GEMINI), an alliance between key metadata players in the UK, has developed core metadata elements to support the creation of geo-spatial metadata across the United Kingdom. The ISO 19115 standard for geo-spatial metadata, which was approved in March 2003, served as the source for these elements.
The GEMINI Committee comprises representatives from the Office of e-Envoy (responsible for the e-Government Metadata Standard), the UK Data Archive, and the Association of Geographic Information (AGI). The GEMINI Stakeholders Group comprises representatives of organisations from divergent sectors and disciplines. This includes the geo-spatial community and other organisations with experience in developing standards and metadata practices.
The Office of the e-Envoy is part of the Prime Minister's Delivery and Reform team based in the Cabinet Office. The e-Envoy is responsible for ensuring that all government services are available electronically by 2005 with key services.
The first version of the GEMINI profile was released 12th October 2004. More information can be found at: http://www.gigateway.org.uk/moreinformation/faq.html#uk_gemini
Compatibility of Standards
The NBN Trust has taken steps to ensure the NBN metadata standard is compatible with other national and international standards. This has had to be balanced against the need to provide adequate information when describing wildlife datasets. We believe this has been achieved successfully.
GEMINI is a collaborative UK metadata standard sufficient to describe geo-spatially referenced datasets. The standard has been developed to comply with the emerging ISO metadata standard. Work has also taken place to indicate how existing e-GMS and GIgateway standards can be mapped to GEMINI and the broader ISO standards. The table attached in Annex 1 illustrates this in relation to the NBN metadata standard.
The concept is a hierarchy of standards. The ISO metadata standard is being viewed as the parent standard. The others are working to ensure they meet this standard whilst tailoring to meet the needs of their own specific audience.
The e-Government Metadata Standard (e-GMS) lays down the elements, refinements and encoding schemes to be used by government officers when creating metadata for their information resources or designing search interfaces for information systems.
The GEMINI standard is developing a new core of metadata elements to support the creation of geo-spatial metadata across the United Kingdom. GEMINI is based upon the ISO standard but specifically tailored to meet the particular needs of geospatial datasets. The standard is being developed with close involvement of the Office of e-Envoy to ensure compatibility with the e-Government Metadata Standard.
The GEMINI standard will ultimately replace the GIgateway standard to which the NBN Metadata Standard is mapped. The involvement of AGI has ensured that metadata produced to the GIgateway standard can be mapped to the GEMINI standard.
Annex 1 (table updated March 05)
Identifier: The reference code for each field within a metadata standard.
Element name: The title of each field within a metadata standard. Mandatory fields for GEMINI are greyed, and are darker green for NBN.
Generation: This is only relevant to NBN metadata…
A= automatically generated from data itself, M= manually generated by Gateway data provider *= exact input to be confirmed
Table to be added